Review by James Ricklef
The MAAT Tarot, designed by Julie Cuccia-Watts, has an underlying structure largely based upon the lunar cycles
through the zodiac. As a result of its emphasis on lunar phases, it provides an interesting shift in focus toward the
power and importance of the feminine, but without ignoring or denigrating the Tarot’s masculine aspects along the
way. Instead, this shift brings a fresh new balance to the Tarot.
For example, the Emperor in this deck is one of the most potent and vibrant versions of the card that I have seen. Its
emphasis is less on the traditional aspects of rigidity and stagnation, which is depicted in many decks, and more on
virility as well as a life affirming sense of mortality. As JCW says in the book that accompanies this deck, “... death is
part of the healthy transitions of life.”
Another card for which I have gained more appreciation is the Judgment card. JCW associates it with Samhain
(Halloween), which adds a wonderful dimension to it. Just as Samhain is the time when the veil between the two worlds
(the worlds of the Living and of the Dead) is considered to be at its most tenuous, this card can indicate the quality of
“Betwixt and Between” or a bridge between the material and the spiritual. It also can signify “Timelessness” i.e., that
which is eternal and beyond the concepts and constraints of time (such as the soul). Additionally, it may indicate that
you are being “haunted” by something from your past. These are all novel views of this card that now reside in my
mental dictionary under the heading of “Judgment Card”.
There are many such delightful cards in this deck, but I do have to mention that there is one card that perplexed me
and that I objected to initially. (It is the mark of a great deck, however, that there is only one such card in the MAAT
Tarot.) I am referring to the Devil card.
In an email correspondence, I asked JCW about this card. I found her comment that this card can represent "an
intense and karmic relationship positive or negative. People we have to do work with" to be rather interesting. This
explanation seems to work well with both the image and the sense of the Devil card.
She also noted that “this card is a fragment of the greater whole, a portion of a wheel of cause and effect, symbolized
by the wheel of the year.” And since the Devil card is associated with the Winter Solstice in this deck, JCW also
mentioned that "the Winter Solstice is the holiday or cross-quarter day that begins the return of longer days in the
Northern Hemisphere, also known as the day when Mother Earth gives birth to the Sun child," which did explain the
image on this card. However, I still felt a need to further reconcile this card’s image with traditional meanings
associated with the Devil card, so I continued to delve into it on my own. What follows are some of my observations.
In this card, we see a woman who is all alone as she gives birth. Although this is a difficult image, it is not the picture
per se that I have a hard time with, but rather its assignment to a card called the Devil, so I considered some of this
First of all, it can represent someone going through a frightening experience. There is a great deal of pain here, but
this is something that the woman in this illustration has to go through in order to attain her goal. Also, this pain is
something she must endure, just as we must all confront our own darkness (i.e., our own demons) in order to come to
the light. Additionally, being the Devil card, I find the image on this card to be reminiscent of "Rosemary's Baby," so it
can represent something that should be wonderful that has gone terribly wrong with horrible consequences instead.
(Of course, one need not invoke a horror movie to make this point, since even today labor is not without its risks.)
Finally, I decided to do a reading with this deck to see what insights I might gain into this particular card. The following
is the spread that I used and the cards dealt:
1. How might I interpret this Devil card in a reading? Four of Wands
2. How can I reconcile its image with my basic view of a Devil card? Two of Cups
3. What can I learn from this version of the Devil card? King of Cups
To me, the scene on the first card, the Four of Wands, suggests isolation, and the resulting loneliness and solitude
can create mental monsters, especially when we are in pain. Thus, this card may indicate the demons in our lives that
we ourselves give birth to. Also, JCW notes that her Four of Wands indicates a “time for a new beginning,” and I can
see that her Devil card may indicate a need to find a new perspective of our painful experiences. We should try to see
beyond our suffering and not let it overwhelm us since every painful situation has the potential to bring some
incredible new thing into our lives. Or, as an old saying goes, “when you're going through hell, keep going!”
Next, the snippet of a scene from a wedding that we see on the Two of Cups implies high hopes and good intentions.
Applying this to the Devil card, we may interpret it to mean that despite our best intentions, we sometimes find
ourselves wandering into our own private hell. Or, to quote another old saying, “the road to hell is paved with good
Also, in light of the fact that the Two of Cups “represents unions of all types,” I looked for a union of the meanings
noted previously with the traditional meanings I associate with this card. I often see in the Devil card indications of
things like materialism and addictions, but perhaps I have divorced my understanding of the Devil card from some
concepts of Hell that would be valuable here. It is important to remember that Hell can be a state of mind that we
create for ourselves, often through our pain and the nasty perspectives born of our pain. Similarly, the Devil card may
refer to the demons inside us, and in the MAAT Devil card I can see that it is through creating and nurturing those
demons that we create our own private hell. (Again, is that Rosemary’s baby being born on this card?) In addition,
perhaps I need to incorporate some of the Devil card’s more positive aspects, as we shall see as we consider the next
card in this spread.
For the King of Cups, let me first note some of JCW’s suggestions about its interpretation:
“Food for the soul... This card represents a man who ... is calm, charming, and sweet... Despite the fact [that] he loves
to party and wouldn't think of passing up a good time, this man is a 'keeper'.”
Perhaps instead of worrying about how to fit the image on this Devil card to my preexisting concepts about the card, I
can learn more about the Devil card in general in light of these comments about the King of Cups. For example,
should I consider the beauty of the Devil card, looking beyond the traditional Judeo-Christian connotations of its
name? There is a more benign side of the Devil card that some people prefer, which can be summed up with JCW’s
comment about her King of Cups: “he loves to party and wouldn't think of passing up a good time.” In other words,
some people think of the Devil as the “party-hearty” card. However, we must remember that after the party, you may
have to “pay the piper” (so to speak). As JCW notes in the MAAT book, “This card represents the results of lust greed
and other human shortcomings.”
On the other hand, the hells that we go through are indeed “food for the soul.” We must pass through them in order
ultimately to reach the light. For example, considering Scrooge’s journey of awakening in A Christmas Carol, we see
that experiencing miserliness can (once we get past it) lead us to know true generosity.
On a more general note about this deck, I am impressed with JCW’s incredible sense of color, style, and composition,
and I find that her deck has great value for its artistic merits as well as its worth as a divinatory tool. Also, while initially
exploring the MAAT Tarot I was also doing research for a deck of my own, and so by coincidence I stumbled upon the
realization that many of the MAAT Tarot illustrations are based (to varying degrees) upon old paintings. For example,
the Prince of Swords obviously was inspired by Caravaggio’s The Martyrdom of St. Matthew and the 5 of Swords
recreates his painting, The Cardsharps. In an email, I asked JCW about this, and she provided the following
“Not all images in the MAAT Tarot are based on master paintings but many do have bits and pieces of master
paintings in them. The Masterpieces that have been used have been altered in subtle ways to serve the purpose of
illustrating the symbolic requirements of the individual card.”
Perhaps as a result of this diversity of inspiration, there is a wide assortment of subjects and cultures represented in
these cards, such as American colonial (see, for example, the Five of Wands), Native American (Seven of Wands),
Medieval (Four of Cups), Mythical (Eight of Cups), and Ancient Egyptian (Justice). Fortunately, JCW’s strong artistic
vision shines through them all and unifies what, in the hands of a lesser artist, could have been a confusing jumble of
themes. Instead, she has woven these disparate threads into a rich and alluring tapestry that engages and inspires
us with its depth and complexity of meaning.
The following are some miscellaneous technical remarks about this deck:
* There are no borders on the cards (i.e., the images bleed to the edges).
* The Major Arcana cards are unnumbered. (This does not bother me, but I know that some people seem to need to
have those numbers appearing on these cards.)
* The court cards are named Princess, Prince, Queen, and King.
* The suits are named Coins, Swords, Cups, and Wands.
* There are several title changes in the Major Arcana. For example, The Hanged Man is renamed The Hanged One,
and the Hierophant is called The High Priest. These modifications of nomenclature are quite minor, and I rather like
them. I just wish that the Devil had been renamed too, perhaps to “Hell.”
* JCW attributes the element of Air to Wands and Fire to Swords. Although most Tarot decks have been based on
the elemental associations of Wands = Fire and Swords = Air, there are some that reverse that correspondence, and
the MAAT Tarot has. If you are used to the more typical association (as am I), this may present a bit of a challenge at
first -- at least for a few of the cards. However, I have found that the cards in this deck still make sense on their own
merit, although you might want to ignore or reinterpret the meanings provided for the Wands and Swords cards in the
accompanying book as a result. But then, I always use a deck’s book meanings as suggestions, not mandates,
And speaking of which, I would like to conclude with a few comments about the book that comes with this deck. There
is a very friendly feel to it, as if we are having an intimate chat with the author. For example, JCW scatters wonderful
tidbits of knowledge about myths, history, etc. throughout this book. These little edifying treats are obviously intended
to enrich the reader's understanding of the cards, but they are also interesting and informative on their own merits.
More important, though, are this book’s explanations of the cards themselves. Some of the cards in this deck are
similar to the traditional Waite-Smith versions, but others involve some radical departures for which I found myself
wanting some clarification. Fortunately, the accompanying book came through admirably, providing excellent
explanations that illuminated the cards’ meanings and even revealed new insights into the Tarot in general along the
James Ricklef, Tarot reader, teacher, and writer, is the author of several books including Tarot -- Get the Whole
Story and the award-winning Tarot Tells the Tale. He also is the artist / creator of the Tarot of the Masters deck. You can find his website here, and his informative Tarot blog here.